how(英文單詞)

how(英文單詞)

how是一個英語單詞,可做副詞和感嘆詞用,意思是如何;怎么;怎樣;多么;怎么樣等。在英語中通常用作副詞,是特殊疑問句中本領最大的疑問詞。

基本介绍

  • 中文名:怎樣,為什麼
  • 外文名:how
  • 遊戲名稱:how
  • 遊戲類型: PUZ益智
  • 發行時間:2010年
  • 地區:美國
副詞,感嘆詞,用法,

副詞

1.如何
2.怎么
3.怎樣
4.多么
5.怎么樣
6.
7.為什麼
8.
9.何以
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

感嘆詞

1.

用法

How在英語中通常用作副詞,是特殊疑問句中本領最大的疑問詞.本文將其疑問功能展示如下,希望能幫助同學們更好地掌握它的用法.
一、 單獨用作疑問詞.
  1. 問身體健康等情況.
    How are your parents?你父母身體好嗎?
    How are things in your father’s factory?你爸爸廠里的情況怎么樣?
  2. 問天氣狀況.
    How is the weather today?今天天氣怎么樣?
  3. 詢問方式.
    How does your mother go to work every day?你媽媽每天怎么去上班?
    How can I carry the box upstairs?我怎樣才能把這箱子搬到樓上呢?
  4. 詢問程度.
    How do you like this book?你覺得這本書怎么樣?
二、 與其它形容詞或副詞搭配使用
  1. How old問年齡、年代.
    How old is your friend?你朋友多大了?
    How old is the bridge?這座橋有多少年代了?
  2. How many問可數名詞數量.常將可數名詞複數緊隨其後.如:
    How many pictures are there on the wall?牆上有多少幅畫?
    How many glasses of milk would you like?你們想要幾杯牛奶?
  3. How much詢問不可數名詞的數量、物品的價格.
    How much money is there in the purse?錢包里有多少錢?
    How much are the apples at the moment?目前蘋果什麼價錢?
  4. How long提問物體的長度、時間的長短.
    How long is the Changjiang River?長江有多長?
    How long does it take you to do your homework every day?
    你每天花多長時間做作業?
  5. How soon 對 “in+一段時間 ”提問,表示“多久之後”.
    How soon will you be back?你多久後回來?
  6. How often對表示頻率的副詞或短語提問.
    How often does Mrs.Green go shopping?格林夫人多久去購一次物?
  7. How about用來徵求對方意見.
    Your father is a worker,how about your mother?你父親是工人,你母親呢?
    How about playing games after school this afternoon?下午放學後做遊戲怎么樣?
  8. How far 問兩地間的距離How tall問人(樹)的高度;how heavy問重量;how wide問寬度;how high可以詢問建築物、山峰高度.
    How far is it from the earth to the moon?從地球到月球有多遠?
    How tall is Yao Ming?姚明身高多少?
    How heavy is that big box?那隻大箱子有多重?
    How wide is the new street?這條新街有多寬?
    How high is the tower in Paris?巴黎的那座塔有多高?
三、How可以用來對形容詞、副詞強調構成感嘆句.
How funny the little boy looks!這個小男孩多有趣啊!
How beautiful the flowers in the parks are!公園裡的那些花多美啊!
注意以how開頭的感嘆句與以how開頭的特殊疑問句的語序和句末符號是不同的.感嘆句主謂不倒裝,句末是感嘆號,而特殊疑問句主謂要倒裝,且句末為問號.試比較:
How far is the factory from here?車站離這兒有多遠?(疑問)
How far the factory is from here!車站離這兒多遠啊!(感嘆)
四、how或what引導的感嘆句在用法上有幾點值得注意
1.how與what有時可以互換,句意相同。例如:
How clever a girl she is! = What a clever girl she is!
What delicious cakes these are! = How delicious these cakes are!
2.how或what引導的感嘆句在表示強烈激動的感情時,在特定的語境中常用省略句,其後面的主語和謂語往往略去。例如:
How wonderful!
What a fine day!
3. how或what引導的感嘆句通常用感嘆號;但當表示感情程度不很強烈時,how或what引導的感嘆句也可以用句號,讀時一般用降調。例如:
How good you are to me.
What a lovely smell.
4.how或what引導的感嘆句本身表達一種強烈的感情,一般不含有very、rather、quite、extremely等詞,以免語意重複。例如不說:
* How very fast he runs!
* What extremely beautiful flowers they are!
5.著名學者周海中教授在1984年發表的《淺談What和How引導的感嘆句》一文中指出:how或what引導的感嘆句一般不用於否定式。例如不說:
* How hard they didn't work!
* What dirty water they didn't drink!
6.周海中教授還指出:為了使句子的感嘆力得到進一步的加強, how或what前面還可以加感嘆詞ah、oh等。他舉了實例:
Ah, how I love her! (C. Dickens: David Copperfield)
Oh, what an accomplishment! (D. Lawrence: Aaron's Rod)
7.英語專家費致德教授在1981年出版的《現代英語慣用法詞典》一書中指出:在口語裡,為了強調起見,how或what引導的感嘆句可以改為感嘆詞+謂語+主語。例如:
How impressive was the play!
What a fool is he!
五、有些句子用how和what可以表達相同的意思,有異曲同工的效果.
  1. How old is the boy?
    _______ the boy’s _______?
  2. How much are the eges?
    _______ the ______ of the eges?
  3. How long is the river?
    _______ the _______ of the river?
  4. How about going to the park tomorrow?
    _______ about going to the park tomorrow?
  5. How much is five plus ten?
    _______ five plus ten?
  6. How is the weather today?
    _______ is the weather _______today?
  7. How do you like the film The Hero?
    _______ do you_______ _______the film The Hero?
  8. How clever the girl is!
    ______ _______ clever girl ______ is!
    (答案:1.What’s,age 2.What’s,price 3.What’s,length 4.What 5.What’s 6.What,like 7.What,think of8.What a,she)

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